There are various reasons why a visitor visa application to the United States (also known as a B-1/B-2 visa) may be denied. While not an exhaustive list, these are some common causes that may result in your visa application being denied:
Lack of links to your home country: The consular officer may be concerned that you do not have strong ties to your home country, such as family, employment, property, or financial assets, leading them to assume you would overstay your visa in the United States. Being married and owning property in your name are very powerful ways of proving that you will return to your country.
Inadequate financial support: You may be required to demonstrate that you have sufficient finances to meet your travel and living expenses in the United States. If you do not offer sufficient evidence of financial stability, your application may be declined. Plan to have a minimum of $4,000 in your bank account, which will be presented through the bank statements. Make sure that your banker has stamped and signed the bank statements.
Inconsistent or incomplete documentation: Any errors, inconsistencies, or omissions in your visa application, such as missing required documents or supplying incorrect information, may result in rejection. Make sure to check and confirm that you have the required documents.
Previous visa violations: If you have a history of overstaying a previous U.S. visa, your intentions may be questioned, resulting in a visa denial. If you have visited the United States and left within the time frame given, you should be okay. Keep in mind that overstaying your time in any other country could affect the outcome of your visa interview.
Criminal background: Certain criminal convictions or a history of immigration infractions may preclude you from obtaining a visa to the United States. Get your police clearance early enough before your interview so that if there is a problem, you may have a chance to follow up with the authorities to rectify that.
Unconvincing travel plans: If your trip itinerary or purpose for visiting the United States is unclear or does not match the type of visa you are applying for, it might cast doubt on your intentions and lead to a refusal. Ask anyone you trust to go through the paperwork with you just to make sure that everything is okay.
Inadequate links to the United States: If you have close family members or other strong ties in the United States, the consular officer may question your plans to return to your home country following your stay.
Previous visa denials: A history of visa denials can raise red flags for consular personnel, who may scrutinise your application further. Give details of every visa denial and explain.
Health concerns: If you have a communicable disease that constitutes a public health risk or cannot establish that you will have access to competent medical care while in the United States, your visa application may be denied.
Security concerns: If there are reasonable grounds to believe you constitute a security danger to the United States or have ties to terrorist organisations, your application may be rejected.
It is critical that you carefully research the exact requirements for the type of visa you are asking for and present precise and complete documents to answer any potential issues the consular officer may have. Consult an immigration attorney or seek advice from the US Embassy or Consulate in your native country to help you construct a solid visa application. Remember that every situation is unique, and there is no assurance of acceptance.